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At 11:16 PM +0100 4/26/03, Geoff Smith wrote:

>Do anyone know what the first looping pieces were to use digital 

The first digital looping pieces would have been done on mainframe 
computer music systems in the 1970s and early 1980s. I can't think of 
any specific works at the moment, but I know that I myself was doing 
some live looping on the VAX  11/780 at CARL (Computer Audio Research 
Lab) at UC San Diego in 1981-82. There are several loop-based 
sections in my theater piece "soul murder" (1982).

The real hotbeds for this early work were CCRMA at Stanford, IRCAM in 
Paris, and a few other research centers such as University of 
Illinois, MIT, and others. I have a few contacts if you want to 
pursue it.

BTW- the first tapeless live looping I heard was an improvisation by 
the Electric Weasel Ensemble in 1976 at Cabrillo College in Santa 
Cruz, using Don Buchla's new analog delay line. Several of the 
performers had the flu, and Don captured some coughing and mangled it 

Richard Zvonar, PhD
(818) 788-2202