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**To**:**Loopers-Delight@loopers-delight.com****From**:**Kim Flint <kflint@loopers-delight.com>****Subject**:**Re: Filter poles...****Date**:**Sat, 26 Apr 2003 18:59:31 -0700**

At 05:24 PM 4/26/2003, Jesse Ray Lucas wrote: >Sorry to go OT here, but I have been looking around online and can't >figure >out what the difference between a 4-pole filter and a 6-pole filter is. >Does it have to do with the amount of gain that can be applied/cut by the >filter? "pole" refers to an aspect of the mathematical description of a filter. I guess the best way to understand it intuitively is to think of a frequency response plot of a filter, which you have probably seen. They have frequency along the x-axis and the gain on the y-axis. A pole will be an inflection point along the frequency axis where the slope of the curve changes negatively by 6dB/octave. For example a single pole at 5 kHz will cause the gain to start sloping downwards, such that it will be 6dB lower by 10 kHz. Several poles together means the slope changes that many times more. So a 4-pole filter will have the gain slope change by 24dB/octave, and a 6-pole filter will have the gain slope change by 36dB/octave. In other words, the 6-pole filter is a more drastic gain cut than a 4-pole filter. The opposite of a pole is a zero, which is a point in frequency where the slope changes more positive by 6dB/octave. there's a lot more that goes into a filter design than that, but hopefully this answers your question. kim ______________________________________________________________________ Kim Flint | Looper's Delight kflint@loopers-delight.com | http://www.loopers-delight.com

**Follow-Ups**:- Re: Filter poles...
*From:*"Jesse Ray Lucas" <jlucas@neoprimitive.net>

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**References**:- Re: Asking the architects (Re: LOOPING TRIVIA QUESTION)
*From:*Geoff Smith <geoff.smith15@btopenworld.com>

- Filter poles...
*From:*"Jesse Ray Lucas" <jlucas@neoprimitive.net>

- Re: Asking the architects (Re: LOOPING TRIVIA QUESTION)

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